Pandan, a type of screwpine, is an essential ingredient in Asian cooking. With its sweet, fragrant, grassy aroma, it is widely used in both savoury and sweet dishes.
Estimated reading time: 6 minutes
Table of contents
- Pandanus amaryllifolius
- Pandanus or Screwpine
- What is the English name of Pandan?
- How to Use Pandan Leaves
- Use the juice to flavour and colour desserts and drinks
- Use it to flavour rice
- Use pandan to wrap food
- Use them in curries
- Where to buy them?
- Malay words used in this post
Pandanus amaryllifolius is the culinary pandan that we know. It is a tropical plant that grows freely in many parts of Asia. I remember it sprouting up everywhere, bottom of trees, in the middle of an untended field; corner of a garden; almost anywhere!
If it wasn’t a much loved herb, it’d be a weed!
The funny thing about the pandan leaf is that you have to heat it to extract its flavour and aroma. When fresh, you can hardly discern any fragrance, but once heated, aroma molecules seem to burst out of nowhere.
Pandanus or Screwpine
There are over 750 species in the genus called pandanus, according to Wiki. They are palm like in appearance, with long, thin leaves, but are only distant relatives of the palm.
Besides the amaryllifolius, the Pandanus odorifer (kewra) and Pandanus julianettii (karuka nut) are the other edible members of this Pandanaceae family.
What is the English name of Pandan?
Pandan is often called fragrant screwpine or vanilla grass in English. I’ve tried, and I’ve tried, and I’ve tried, but I cannot, for the life of me, detect any vanilla notes in pandan leaves!
For those of you who grew up with it, and haven’t been influenced by any hype, can you?
Let me know in the comments below.
I have always called it daun pandan, as it is known in Malay. In Singapore and Malaysia, even the non Malay speakers call it daun pandan; I guess some local foods just have a universal name for all the ethnic groups.
How to Use Pandan Leaves
Pandan leaves are used in both sweet and savoury dishes, as mentioned above. We use it for the aroma as well as the beautiful green colour. Here are some of the ways to use pandan leaves:
Use the juice to flavour and colour desserts and drinks
See the card below for precise instructions, but essentially, we chop up some pandan leaves, lighten with water, then squeeze the juice out. We used to pound the leaves with a pestle and mortar when we were little. Or grind it using a stone roller, called batu giling in Malay.
Pandan Juice can be used in:
- cakes (like the very traditional pandan chiffon cake)
- puddings (like rice pudding, sago pudding)
- in drinks (like cendol and the Filipino Bulo Pandan drink)
- spirits like gin and vodka, to infuse
- my Pandan Mahalabia, a South East Asian twist to a Middle Eastern favourite
Use it to flavour rice
This is a very common practice. Pandan leaves added to rice gives it a lovely, sweet aroma. Think pilaus and biryanis and many Malay and Indonesian rice use pandan leaves like:
Use pandan to wrap food
The most famous of this is the Thai chicken wrapped in pandan leaves. In the same way, you can wrap any small piece of meat and then barbecue it or even fry it. Not only will the leaf impart a beautiful fragrance to your food, but it will also stop it from drying out.
Use them in curries
Many Malay, Indonesian, Thai and even South Asian curries love pandan leaves! Ayam Masak Merah, a favourite curry of mine, is a classic example of such a curry. I guess I’d better share it here soon.
Think of your favourite curry, chances are, it’ll love this screwpine!
Where to buy them?
This one is easy, at least it certainly is in the UK. Most Chinese grocers or mini marts will sell them frozen, which retain all of the aroma you want. If you live in a town with a sizeable Asian population, chances are, you will get them fresh.
Otherwise, what do I always say? Get them online! Just do a Google search, and you’ll find half a dozen entries.
I used to grow pandan leaves, which did very well, kept on a sunny windowsill. When we went travelling for a few months in 2015, I gave away all my plants, and the pandanus is the only tropical evergreen that I’ve not replaced. The friend who took it managed to kill it within weeks, otherwise, I could have easily split the plant and grown it again.
Malay words used in this post
- daun = leaf
- batu = stone
- giling = roll
- batu giling = a rolling stone (no, not Mick Jagger!) – grinding stone, to be precise
What is Pandan and How Do You Use It?
1. Extracting Pandan Juice
- 12 pandan leaves
- 125 ml 1/2 cup water
2. Using whole pandan leaves
How to get pandan juice
- Cut up your pandan leaves into 5cm (2″) lengths and place them in a chopper with enough water to allow them to be ground. You’ll end up with a wet, fibrous pulp.
- Take the blade out, pour in the rest of the water and mix.
- Strain the pandan juice into a bowl or jug and add to the recipe.
- You can also get a second, lighter pressing of pandan juice by adding another half cup of water. Just like extracting coconut milk.
2. Using whole pandan leaves
- Tie the pandan leaves up, with a knot in the middle.
- Drop the leaves into the dish at the beginning of cooking time.
- Take the leaves out before serving.